Fact and Fiction: Separating Myths From Reality With Stuttering

If you or a family member stutters, then you may be quite confused as to what to do about it, what it means, or how common the problem even is. Many people hold incorrect beliefs about stuttering, and they usually serve to create a stigma about the problem.

Therefore, it’s time to learn fact from fiction, and take in some important truths about stuttering. Take a look at these common stuttering facts and misconceptions, and separate myth from reality for yourself.

Fact: Millions of People Stutter

According to The Stuttering Foundation, approximately 68 million people across the world stutter, and about 3 million Americans do. That accounts for approximately 1% of the global and U.S. population, respectively, and means there are literally millions of others like yourself.

Fact: Stuttering Runs in the Family

Many people do not realize that stuttering can actually be passed down genetically. Research shows that approximately 60% of people who stutter have a family member who stutters a well.

Fact: Stuttering Affects More Men than Women

Four times more men than women are affected by stuttering. It’s not a misconception to believe that you have seen many more males with a stuttering condition than females. Still, that does mean that there would be able 13 million women across the globe who stutter, based on the statistic cited above.

Fiction: Emotional Trauma Causes Stuttering

Emotional trauma has not been proven to cause stuttering. In fact, research shows that children and adults who stutter are no more likely to have psychological or emotional problems than those who do not stutter.

Fiction: I Should Just Wait it Out

Many parents think that if their child is stuttering, they should just wait it out, and the child will sort it out on his or her own. That’s not typically the best course of action, and stuttering problems can become more ingrained over time. After three or six months of a child stuttering, it’s likely in everyone’s best interest to get seek an evaluation from a speech and language pathologist.

Fiction: Stuttering is All the Same

There is actually a wide range of how severe a stuttering problem may be, as well as the specifics of how it affects each person’s speech. There are many different stuttering patterns and behaviors, and even from person to person, there may be inconsistency on a day-to-day level.

Hopefully you’ve been able to learn more about stuttering, some common stuttering myths, as well as important facts. If you or a loved one has been coping with stuttering, then you may want to consult with a speech and language pathologist. He or she will be able to provide you with a quality plan of action to address your concerns and begin making great strides forward.

The Lost City of Atlantis – Fact Or Fiction

The lost city of Atlantis was a story by Plato in 355 BC which stated that Poseidon was the sea-god who made the city of Atlantis. This city boasted of hot and cold water fountains, city-walls, and irrigation system for cultivation outside the city. The attraction was a temple in the centre of the city atop a hill which had a statue of Poseidon in a chariot pulled by horses with wings. Some supported this imagination while others argued it as untrue.

In 1800, Ignatius Donnelly supported this story by stating in his book titled ‘Antediluvian World’ that such a city existed in the center of the Atlantic Ocean. The Atlantian civilization therein was the earliest civilization which later spread to other colonies. This city was believed to have been ruined by a disaster of nature.

Counter theories were that since the sediments at the ocean bed could not have covered the city entirely considering the period of its existence, this theory was untrue.

Another professor in history, K.T. Frost, believed that the city did exist, but it was located on Crete Island, which was home to the Minoan civilization. He stated that this civilization was indeed prosperous wherein an efficient navy was in force. Due to the eruption of a volcano 10 miles away from this island, the entire civilization with the empire suddenly vanished. There was semblance in this story with that proposed by Plato. In fact, most people believe that the legendary city was actually located on Crete. The tussle between this story being a fact or fiction still continues.

Global Warming – Is It Fact or Fiction?

Carbon emissions, CO2, greenhouse gases, climate change: in recent times, hardly a day goes by without us being bombarded with dire warnings that life as we know it will cease to exist if we carry on living as we do, irresponsibly consuming energy in a way that causes a build-up of heat in the earth’s atmosphere, which will eventually result in irreversible climate change. But is it true, or are we all the victims of an elaborate hoax?

The debate around global warming is based on our understanding of the way certain gases in the earth’s atmosphere trap heat from the sun, acting like a giant greenhouse – hence the term. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the main greenhouse gases, and is also one of the products of combustion. Scientists have ways of measuring the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere and comparing it to historical levels, and the evidence points to the fact that there is now more of the stuff in the atmosphere than at any point in the last half a million years. There may be other contributing factors, but most would agree that man’s industrial activity is the primary cause of this increase.

Why is this a bad thing? The general consensus is that the polar ice-caps will melt, resulting in higher sea levels and flooding of fertile coastal areas. Weather patterns are also likely to be disrupted, resulting in greater extremes which will affect human settlements and importantly, food production, leading to mass starvation and upheaval.

But while most scientists agree that global warming is a real and imminent threat, there are those who believe that any climatic fluctuations we may be observing are nothing more than long-term cycles that have been going on since before mankind ever set foot on the earth. They argue that the debate is being deliberately fueled by those who stand to benefit politically or economically from a population that is sufficiently motivated by fear to change our collective lifestyle, for therein lies opportunity for them to seize power and enrich themselves.